Co-slagging characteristics of coal and biomass ashes considering entrained flow slagging gasifier

M. Shahabuddin, Sankar Bhattacharya, Srikanth Chakravartula Srivatsa

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1 Citation (Scopus)


This study systematically investigated the co-slagging characteristics of high-rank coal and biomass ashes considering entrained flow slagging gasifier. Despite favourable performance parameters, coal might not be feasible for entrained flow gasification because of not forming slag within the gasifier operating temperature (1200–1500 °C). To overcome this issue, co-gasification can be a potential solution, which simultaneously helps to reduce the carbon footprint and environmental impact. Hence, this study studied the feasibility of co-gasification of coal and biomass by testing co-slagging behaviour of bituminous coal and pine park biomass ashes. The slag viscosity is measured using a Brookfield DV-III Ultra rheometer coupled with a high-temperature furnace. Results show that pure coal ash does not form slag using the maximum furnace temperature of 1670 °C. However, co-slagging by 50/50 (wt./wt.) ratio of coal and biomass ash (PB50) significantly drops the slagging temperature due to the higher fluxing agents (i.e. CaO) in biomass ash. The temperature of critical viscosity was determined to be 1390 °C using PB50 ash, which maintained the maximum industrial viscosity limit of 25 Pa s up to the temperature of 1360 °C.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalBiomass Conversion and Biorefinery
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 4 Jan 2021


  • Co-slagging
  • Coal and biomass slag
  • Entrained flow gasifier
  • Rheometer
  • Sintering
  • Viscosity

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