Co-firing of coal and biomass under pressurized oxy-fuel combustion mode: experimental test in a 10 kWth fluidized bed

Qinwen Liu, Wenqi Zhong, Aibing Yu, Chi-Hwa Wang

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pressurized oxy-fuel combustion (POFC) of solid fuels in fluidized beds possess the potential for CO2 capture at low cost. However, the practical experience of oxy-coal combustion in pressurized fluidized beds (PFB) is still very limited, and there is a lack of attempts on the co-firing of coal and other fuels. In this study, the co-firing of coal and biomass in a POFC mode at a 10 kWth PFB was tested. The dynamic behaviors of the start-up process and combustion mode switching were investigated. The effects of key operating parameters, including combustion pressure (P), biomass blending ratio (Mb), and excess oxygen coefficient (α), on the temperature distributions, CO2 enrichment and conversion, pollutant emissions (CO, NOX, SO2), and solid residues were methodically studied. The results show that the stable, pressurized, and oxy-fuel combustion mode with coal and biomass mixtures as fuels can be successfully realized in a fluidized bed. Increasing P and Mb not only conduces to better temperature distribution, more CO2 enrichment in flue gas, and higher combustion efficiency but also has the advantage of reducing NOx and SO2 emissions by over 30%. In the oxy-fuel PFB, the positive effect of α on the combustion performance is more significant than that under atmospheric conditions. As P increases, the fly ash surface is more cracked, and the particle size distribution of fly ash decreases, while the bottom slag surface is smoother. Besides, the increase in P results in a decreased specific surface area and cumulative pore volume but an increased average pore diameter in fly ash.

Original languageEnglish
Article number133457
Number of pages16
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume431
Issue numberPart 4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Co-firing of coal and biomass
  • CO capture
  • Oxy-fuel combustion
  • Pressurized combustion
  • Pressurized oxy-fuel fluidized bed

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