Co-evolution of waste and electricity regimes: Multi-regime dynamics in the Netherlands (1969-2003)

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This article explores how the relation between waste and electricity regimes changed in the Netherlands in a long-term perspective. The concept of socio-technical regime is used to investigate institutional, technological and social (network) changes. The conclusion is that the relationship changed from two regimes being separated into a much more symbiotic and integrated relationship through a multi-level and co-evolutionary process. The concept of 'biomass' has become a binding element in the relationship.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2197-2208
Number of pages12
JournalEnergy Policy
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Biomass
  • Co-evolution
  • Multi-regime interactions

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