Clinically significant traumatic intracranial hemorrhage following minor head trauma in older adults: a retrospective cohort study

Toby O’Brien, Biswadev Mitra, Natalie Le Sage, Pier-Alexandre Tardif, Marcel Emond, Myreille D’Astous, Eric Mercier

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Abstract

Objectives: The primary objective of this study was to determine the incidence of clinically significant traumatic intracranial hemorrhage (T-ICH) following minor head trauma in older adults. Secondary objective was to investigate the impact of anticoagulant and antiplatelet therapies on T-ICH incidence. Methods: This retrospective cohort study extracted data from electronic patient records. The cohort consisted of patients presenting after a fall and/or head injury and presented to one of five ED between 1st March 2010 and 31st July 2017. Inclusion criteria were age ≥ 65 years old and a minor head trauma defined as an impact to the head without fulfilling criteria for traumatic brain injury. Results: From the 1,000 electronic medical records evaluated, 311 cases were included. The mean age was 80.1 (SD 7.9) years. One hundred and eighty-nine (189) patients (60.8%) were on an anticoagulant (n = 69), antiplatelet (n = 130) or both (n = 16). Twenty patients (6.4%) developed a clinically significant T-ICH. Anticoagulation and/or antiplatelets therapies were not associated with an increased risk of clinically significant T-ICH in this cohort (Odds ratio (OR) 2.7, 95% CI 0.9–8.3). Conclusions: In this cohort of older adults presenting to the ED following minor head trauma, the incidence of clinically significant T-ICH was 6.4%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)836-841
Number of pages6
JournalBrain Injury
Volume34
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 May 2020

Keywords

  • anti-platelet
  • anticoagulant
  • computed tomography
  • Falls
  • head Injury
  • intracranial hemorrhage
  • Trauma
  • traumatic brain injury

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