Clinical predictors and sequelae of computed tomography defined leaflet thrombosis following transcatheter aortic valve replacement at medium-term follow-up

Hashrul N. Rashid, Michael Michail, Abdul R. Ihdayhid, Cameron Dowling, Nancy Khav, Sean Tan, Jaineel Ramnarain, James D. Cameron, Arthur Nasis, Stephen J. Nicholls, Robert P. Gooley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background: The clinical predictors and sequelae of leaflet thrombosis (LT) following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is still unclear. Therefore, our aim was to determine the clinical predictors and sequelae at mid-term follow-up of computed tomography (CT)-defined LT following TAVR. Methods and results: We performed a prospective evaluation with a 320-multislice CT following TAVR for the presence of LT, defined as hypo-attenuated leaflet thickening (HALT). Four-dimensional CT image-rendering was performed to determine the presence of reduced leaflet motion (RELM). 172 patients [89 (51.7%) male, mean age 82.8 ± 5.7 years] treated with commercially available TAVR device (Lotus 54%, CoreValve 32% and Sapien 3 14%) were included, with median CT-scan at 6.0 weeks post-TAVR. Prevalence of HALT was 14.0% (24 cases) and RELM was 9.8% (17 cases). On multivariate analysis, patients with HALT were less prescribed oral anticoagulation (OAC) (OR 9.9), received larger TAVR prostheses (OR 5.7) and higher rates of moderate-severe para-valvular regurgitation (PVR) (OR 16.3). There was no difference in clinical outcomes at a median follow-up of 2.3 years. Patients with RELM had significantly higher transvalvular gradients after discharge when compared to those without RELM. Conclusions: Absence of OAC, large TAVR prostheses and moderate-severe PVR were predictors for LT. Transvalvular gradients were higher in patients that developed RELM but not HALT. Further studies are warranted to determine the long-term impact of LT on TAVR durability. Graphic abstract: Prevalence of different sub-types of CT-defined LT (HALT and RELM) and the clinical predictors of developing LT following TAVR. CT computed tomography, HALT hypo-attenuated leaflet thickening, LT leaflet thrombosis, RELM reduced leaflet motion, TAVR transcatheter aortic valve replacement [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalHeart and Vessels
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 4 Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Hypo-attenuated leaflet thickening
  • Leaflet thrombosis
  • Reduced leaflet motion
  • TAVI
  • TAVR

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