Clinical Leadership Development in Australian Healthcare; A Systematic Review

Bengianni Pizzirani, Renee O'Donnell, Helen Skouteris, Bernard Crump, Helena J Teede

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review


Despite clear priority and high costs of leadership capability programs in healthcare, and significant investments into improving clinical leadership, there remains a prominent gap around evidence of effectiveness or impact on patient outcomes in Australia. We aimed to conduct a systematic review on postgraduate clinical leadership programs to gather learnings on the processes, theoretical underpinnings, and impact of such programs for medical and other health professionals. Our search included empirical, peer-reviewed evaluations of Australian clinical leadership development programs published between November 2008 and March 2019 and yielded 3284 records. Four studies met criteria. Findings revealed that currently, little value is placed on formal evaluations and peer reviewed publication including assessment of individual, organisational or system level impacts of clinical leadership development programs, with limited evidence available on effective approaches to clinical leadership development in the Australian healthcare system.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages23
JournalInternal Medicine Journal
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 8 Dec 2019


  • Australian Healthcare
  • Systematic review
  • Clinical leadership
  • Professional development

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