Clinical enzymes inhibitory activities, antioxidant potential and phytochemical profile of Vernonia oligocephala (DC.) Sch.Bip. ex Walp roots

Waqas Mahmood, Hammad Saleem, Wardah Shahid, Irshad Ahmad, Gokhan Zengin, Mohamad Fawzi Mahomoodally, M. Ashraf, Nafees Ahemad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


We investigated into the different solvent extracts (methanol, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, n-hexane and n-butanol) of Vernonia oligocephala (DC.) Sch.Bip. ex Walp roots for their phytochemical composition, antioxidant and enzyme inhibition potential. Phytochemical analysis showed the presence of flavonoids, saponins, terpenoids, and phenolics as secondary metabolites. Methanol extract exhibited the highest phenolic (113.11 mg GAE/g) and flavonoid (97.35 mg QE/g) contents as well as ferric reducing antioxidant power (71.92 GAE/g). The ethyl acetate extract exhibited maximum DPPH (IC 50 ; 39.11 μg/mL), total antioxidant capacity (73.07 mg GAE/g) and urease inhibition (IC 50 ; 55.89 μg/mL). The n-hexane fraction was most active against cholinesterases. All extracts showed least activity against tyrosinase and lipoxygenase (except butanol fraction, IC 50 : 132.2 μg/mL). This study showed that V. oligocephala extracts can be regarded as perspective material for isolating bioactive molecules.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101039
Number of pages7
JournalBiocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019


  • Antioxidant
  • Cholinesterases
  • Lipoxygenase
  • Phytochemical
  • Tyrosinase
  • Urease

Cite this