Clinical and virological predictors of hepatic flares in pregnant women with chronic hepatitis B

Michelle Giles, Kumar Visvanathan, Sharon Lewin, Scott Bowden, Stephen Locarnini, Tim Spelman, Joe Sasadeusz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Unique immunological changes occur during pregnancy; the impact of which, on virological and biochemical markers of hepatitis B infection is not well established. Rapid changes in the immunological profile post partum and consequent rebound of the inflammatory response may result in hepatic flares. Methods: Women with chronic hepatitis B were recruited during pregnancy into this observational study. Demographic and clinical data were collected together with virological and biochemical parameters at two time points during pregnancy (early and late) and two time points post partum (between 6 weeks and 12 weeks and at 12 months). Outcomes analysed included changes in HBV DNA, hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) status and flares of hepatitis. Results: One hundred and twenty-six women were recruited. Twenty-seven women out of 108 with postpartum bloods (25%) met our definition of a postpartum flare (ALT range 38-1654). Using univariate analysis HBeAg status, younger age, gravida and parity were associated with a flare. On multivariate analysis HBeAg positivity at baseline fell just outside of statistical significance in predicting a postpartum flare (p=0.051). Conclusions: 25% of women with chronic hepatitis B will demonstrate increased liver inflammation in the postpartum period. This is usually asymptomatic and resolves spontaneously. This is more likely if the woman is HBeAg-positive at baseline (2.56 times the risk), although flares also commonly occur in HBeAg-negative women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1810-1815
Number of pages6
JournalGut
Volume64
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2015

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