Características clínicas e demográficas de um grupo de pacientes em uso de eletroconvulsoterapia

Translated title of the contribution: Clinical and demographic characteristics of a sample of patients treated with electroconvulsive therapy

Carlos Eduardo Alves, Leonardo F. Fontenelle, Bruno Cruz, Marco Antonio Brasil

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Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the demographic profile and some clinical characteristics of a sample of patients who underwent electroconvulsive therapy in a psychiatric university hospital. Methods: A semi-structured questionnaire was answered by a group of doctors who had prescribed ECT at our university hospital from January to October, 2003. This questionnaire covered the patient's demographic characteristics, the main psychiatric diagnosis, the clinical and psychiatric comorbidities, the indication of the use of ECT, the length of hospital stay at the time that ECT was prescribed, and the previous use and response to ECT. Results: 37.5% of our patients had bipolar disorder and were in a manic episode, 34.4% had schizophrenia, and 3.1% had bipolar disorder and were in a depressive episode. Moreover, more than half of our patients were suffering from clinical and/or psychiatric comorbidities. The main reason for prescribing ECT was a previous history of poor response to treatment with psychotropic drugs. In most patients, ECT was indicated only after at least 60 days of admission. Conclusions: There are some differences regarding the main indications for ECT in our study and those in the developed countries. Future studies should be performed in order to implement clear practice ECT parameters in Brazil.

Translated title of the contributionClinical and demographic characteristics of a sample of patients treated with electroconvulsive therapy
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)90-93
Number of pages4
JournalJornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria
Volume54
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ECT
  • Electroconvulsive therapy

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