Climate modifies response of non-native and native species richness to nutrient enrichment

Habacuc Flores-Moreno, Peter B. Reich, Eric M. Lind, Lauren L. Sullivan, Eric W. Seabloom, Laura Yahdjian, Andrew S. MacDougall, Lara G. Reichmann, Juan Alberti, Selene Báez, Jonathan D. Bakker, Marc W. Cadotte, Maria C. Caldeira, Enrique J. Chaneton, Carla M. D’Antonio, Philip A. Fay, Jennifer Firn, Nicole Hagenah, W. Stanley Harpole, Oscar Iribarne & 9 others Kevin P. Kirkman, Johannes M H Knops, Kimberly J. La Pierre, Ramesh Laungani, Andrew D B Leakey, Rebecca L. McCulley, Joslin L. Moore, Jesus Pascual, Elizabeth T. Borer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Ecosystem eutrophication often increases domination by non-natives and causes displacement of native taxa. However, variation in environmental conditions may affect the outcome of interactions between native and non-native taxa in environments where nutrient supply is elevated. We examined the interactive effects of eutrophication, climate variability and climate average conditions on the success of native and non-native plant species using experimental nutrient manipulations replicated at 32 grassland sites on four continents. We hypothesized that effects of nutrient addition would be greatest where climate was stable and benign, owing to reduced niche partitioning. We found that the abundance of non-native species increased with nutrient addition independent of climate; however, nutrient addition increased nonnative species richness and decreased native species richness, with these effects dampened in warmer or wetter sites. Eutrophication also altered the time scale in which grassland invasion responded to climate, decreasing the importance of long-term climate and increasing that of annual climate. Thus, climatic conditions mediate the responses of native and non-native flora to nutrient enrichment. Our results suggest that the negative effect of nutrient addition on native abundance is decoupled from its effect on richness, and reduces the time scale of the links between climate and compositional change.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20150273
Number of pages9
JournalPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Volume371
Issue number1694
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 May 2016

Keywords

  • Climate variability
  • Non-native species
  • NutNet
  • Nutrient enrichment
  • Species abundance
  • Species richness

Cite this

Flores-Moreno, H., Reich, P. B., Lind, E. M., Sullivan, L. L., Seabloom, E. W., Yahdjian, L., ... Borer, E. T. (2016). Climate modifies response of non-native and native species richness to nutrient enrichment. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 371(1694), [20150273]. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2015.0273
Flores-Moreno, Habacuc ; Reich, Peter B. ; Lind, Eric M. ; Sullivan, Lauren L. ; Seabloom, Eric W. ; Yahdjian, Laura ; MacDougall, Andrew S. ; Reichmann, Lara G. ; Alberti, Juan ; Báez, Selene ; Bakker, Jonathan D. ; Cadotte, Marc W. ; Caldeira, Maria C. ; Chaneton, Enrique J. ; D’Antonio, Carla M. ; Fay, Philip A. ; Firn, Jennifer ; Hagenah, Nicole ; Harpole, W. Stanley ; Iribarne, Oscar ; Kirkman, Kevin P. ; Knops, Johannes M H ; La Pierre, Kimberly J. ; Laungani, Ramesh ; Leakey, Andrew D B ; McCulley, Rebecca L. ; Moore, Joslin L. ; Pascual, Jesus ; Borer, Elizabeth T. / Climate modifies response of non-native and native species richness to nutrient enrichment. In: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 2016 ; Vol. 371, No. 1694.
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abstract = "Ecosystem eutrophication often increases domination by non-natives and causes displacement of native taxa. However, variation in environmental conditions may affect the outcome of interactions between native and non-native taxa in environments where nutrient supply is elevated. We examined the interactive effects of eutrophication, climate variability and climate average conditions on the success of native and non-native plant species using experimental nutrient manipulations replicated at 32 grassland sites on four continents. We hypothesized that effects of nutrient addition would be greatest where climate was stable and benign, owing to reduced niche partitioning. We found that the abundance of non-native species increased with nutrient addition independent of climate; however, nutrient addition increased nonnative species richness and decreased native species richness, with these effects dampened in warmer or wetter sites. Eutrophication also altered the time scale in which grassland invasion responded to climate, decreasing the importance of long-term climate and increasing that of annual climate. Thus, climatic conditions mediate the responses of native and non-native flora to nutrient enrichment. Our results suggest that the negative effect of nutrient addition on native abundance is decoupled from its effect on richness, and reduces the time scale of the links between climate and compositional change.",
keywords = "Climate variability, Non-native species, NutNet, Nutrient enrichment, Species abundance, Species richness",
author = "Habacuc Flores-Moreno and Reich, {Peter B.} and Lind, {Eric M.} and Sullivan, {Lauren L.} and Seabloom, {Eric W.} and Laura Yahdjian and MacDougall, {Andrew S.} and Reichmann, {Lara G.} and Juan Alberti and Selene B{\'a}ez and Bakker, {Jonathan D.} and Cadotte, {Marc W.} and Caldeira, {Maria C.} and Chaneton, {Enrique J.} and D’Antonio, {Carla M.} and Fay, {Philip A.} and Jennifer Firn and Nicole Hagenah and Harpole, {W. Stanley} and Oscar Iribarne and Kirkman, {Kevin P.} and Knops, {Johannes M H} and {La Pierre}, {Kimberly J.} and Ramesh Laungani and Leakey, {Andrew D B} and McCulley, {Rebecca L.} and Moore, {Joslin L.} and Jesus Pascual and Borer, {Elizabeth T.}",
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Flores-Moreno, H, Reich, PB, Lind, EM, Sullivan, LL, Seabloom, EW, Yahdjian, L, MacDougall, AS, Reichmann, LG, Alberti, J, Báez, S, Bakker, JD, Cadotte, MW, Caldeira, MC, Chaneton, EJ, D’Antonio, CM, Fay, PA, Firn, J, Hagenah, N, Harpole, WS, Iribarne, O, Kirkman, KP, Knops, JMH, La Pierre, KJ, Laungani, R, Leakey, ADB, McCulley, RL, Moore, JL, Pascual, J & Borer, ET 2016, 'Climate modifies response of non-native and native species richness to nutrient enrichment' Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol. 371, no. 1694, 20150273. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2015.0273

Climate modifies response of non-native and native species richness to nutrient enrichment. / Flores-Moreno, Habacuc; Reich, Peter B.; Lind, Eric M.; Sullivan, Lauren L.; Seabloom, Eric W.; Yahdjian, Laura; MacDougall, Andrew S.; Reichmann, Lara G.; Alberti, Juan; Báez, Selene; Bakker, Jonathan D.; Cadotte, Marc W.; Caldeira, Maria C.; Chaneton, Enrique J.; D’Antonio, Carla M.; Fay, Philip A.; Firn, Jennifer; Hagenah, Nicole; Harpole, W. Stanley; Iribarne, Oscar; Kirkman, Kevin P.; Knops, Johannes M H; La Pierre, Kimberly J.; Laungani, Ramesh; Leakey, Andrew D B; McCulley, Rebecca L.; Moore, Joslin L.; Pascual, Jesus; Borer, Elizabeth T.

In: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 371, No. 1694, 20150273, 19.05.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Climate modifies response of non-native and native species richness to nutrient enrichment

AU - Flores-Moreno, Habacuc

AU - Reich, Peter B.

AU - Lind, Eric M.

AU - Sullivan, Lauren L.

AU - Seabloom, Eric W.

AU - Yahdjian, Laura

AU - MacDougall, Andrew S.

AU - Reichmann, Lara G.

AU - Alberti, Juan

AU - Báez, Selene

AU - Bakker, Jonathan D.

AU - Cadotte, Marc W.

AU - Caldeira, Maria C.

AU - Chaneton, Enrique J.

AU - D’Antonio, Carla M.

AU - Fay, Philip A.

AU - Firn, Jennifer

AU - Hagenah, Nicole

AU - Harpole, W. Stanley

AU - Iribarne, Oscar

AU - Kirkman, Kevin P.

AU - Knops, Johannes M H

AU - La Pierre, Kimberly J.

AU - Laungani, Ramesh

AU - Leakey, Andrew D B

AU - McCulley, Rebecca L.

AU - Moore, Joslin L.

AU - Pascual, Jesus

AU - Borer, Elizabeth T.

PY - 2016/5/19

Y1 - 2016/5/19

N2 - Ecosystem eutrophication often increases domination by non-natives and causes displacement of native taxa. However, variation in environmental conditions may affect the outcome of interactions between native and non-native taxa in environments where nutrient supply is elevated. We examined the interactive effects of eutrophication, climate variability and climate average conditions on the success of native and non-native plant species using experimental nutrient manipulations replicated at 32 grassland sites on four continents. We hypothesized that effects of nutrient addition would be greatest where climate was stable and benign, owing to reduced niche partitioning. We found that the abundance of non-native species increased with nutrient addition independent of climate; however, nutrient addition increased nonnative species richness and decreased native species richness, with these effects dampened in warmer or wetter sites. Eutrophication also altered the time scale in which grassland invasion responded to climate, decreasing the importance of long-term climate and increasing that of annual climate. Thus, climatic conditions mediate the responses of native and non-native flora to nutrient enrichment. Our results suggest that the negative effect of nutrient addition on native abundance is decoupled from its effect on richness, and reduces the time scale of the links between climate and compositional change.

AB - Ecosystem eutrophication often increases domination by non-natives and causes displacement of native taxa. However, variation in environmental conditions may affect the outcome of interactions between native and non-native taxa in environments where nutrient supply is elevated. We examined the interactive effects of eutrophication, climate variability and climate average conditions on the success of native and non-native plant species using experimental nutrient manipulations replicated at 32 grassland sites on four continents. We hypothesized that effects of nutrient addition would be greatest where climate was stable and benign, owing to reduced niche partitioning. We found that the abundance of non-native species increased with nutrient addition independent of climate; however, nutrient addition increased nonnative species richness and decreased native species richness, with these effects dampened in warmer or wetter sites. Eutrophication also altered the time scale in which grassland invasion responded to climate, decreasing the importance of long-term climate and increasing that of annual climate. Thus, climatic conditions mediate the responses of native and non-native flora to nutrient enrichment. Our results suggest that the negative effect of nutrient addition on native abundance is decoupled from its effect on richness, and reduces the time scale of the links between climate and compositional change.

KW - Climate variability

KW - Non-native species

KW - NutNet

KW - Nutrient enrichment

KW - Species abundance

KW - Species richness

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U2 - 10.1098/rstb.2015.0273

DO - 10.1098/rstb.2015.0273

M3 - Article

VL - 371

JO - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

JF - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

SN - 0962-8436

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