We describe a facile, one-pot, two-step polymerization towards synthesizing block co-polymers bearing reactive isocyanate functional groups. Reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization is used to mediate the co-polymerization of isocyanate-bearing monomers dimethyl meta-isopropenyl benzyl isocyanate (TMI) and 2-isocyanatoethyl methacrylate (ICEMA) with styrene and methyl methacrylate (MMA), respectively. ICEMA was incorporated into the polymer at a faster rate than TMI and its unhindered isocyanate group was found to be more reactive than the hindered isocyanate group of TMI. Both the TMI/styrene and the MMA/ICEMA systems maintain the reactivity of the isocyanate functionality, which was exploited by attaching representative hydroxyl-bearing small and large molecules as well as solid substrates to the block co-polymers. Thus, we demonstrate the versatility of the block co-polymer system as a basis for forming branched polymers or as grafts for a solid substrate.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jul 2011|
- click chemistry
- diblock copolymers
- functionalization of polymers
- reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer