Cleavage of protein S by a platelet membrane protease

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Abstract

Protein S is a vitamin K-dependent glycoprotein cofactor to the serine protease, activated protein C. In this study we demonstrate that 125I-protein S bound to unstimulated platelets in a time- and calcium-dependent saturable reaction. Half-maximal binding occurred at a protein S concentration of 10 nM, with ~ 1,100 binding sites per platelet. The binding of protein S to platelets was followed by rapid cleavage of the protein mediated by a protease confined to the platelet membrane. The membrane protease was Ca++-dependent, inhibited by high concentrations of diisopropyl fluorophosphate, but was resistant to a variety of other protease inhibitors. Functional studies demonstrated that the cleavage of protein S was associated with complete loss of cofactor anticoagulant activity. We conclude that protein S binds to platelets and is inactivated by a novel Ca++-dependent membrane protease. This may represent a physiological reaction that regulates the activity of protein S.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)374-379
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume79
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1987

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