Newly synthesized major histocompatibility complex class II molecules (MHC-II) are transported to MHC-II-containing endosomal and lysosomal compartments (MIICs) for the degradation of associated invariant chain and peptide loading. Subsequently MHC-II is transported to the plasma membrane, in part through direct fusion of MIICs with the plasma membrane. In search of potential alternative pathway(s) we studied the 3-dimensional structure of MIICs and the subcellular distribution of MHC-II by immuno electronmicroscopy on whole-mount preparations and cryosections of Mel JuSo cells. Intracellular MHC-II and invariant chain mainly localized to lamp-1 positive compartments suggesting that the majority of MHC-II exits the endocytic tract at lysosomes. Clathrin-coated lattices and buds were found to be associated with these organelles, but MHC-II was not found to be enriched in the clathrin-coated domains. Moreover, leupeptin, a drug that interferes with Ii-processing and delays delivery of newly synthesized MHC-II to the plasma membrane, was not found to decrease the relative amount of MHC-II in clathrin-coated areas. Together these data indicate clathrin-mediated exit site(s) from lysosomes but suggest that they do not selectively recruit mature MHC-II, consistent with the notion that transport to the plasma membrane occurs independently of the cytoplasmic domains of the MHC-II α and β chains.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Cell Science|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
- MHC class II compartment
- MIIC lysosome