Classification of Headache Disorders: Extending to a Multiaxial System

Sonja U. Kubik, Paul R. Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


This article argues for extending the International Classification of Headache Disorders to include information that goes beyond diagnosis. The obvious model is a multiaxial system as has been developed for other taxonomies. An axis for recording disability and impact on functioning, and an axis for recording the triggers of headache/migraine, are perhaps the strongest contenders for adding to the system, but there are other possibilities such as lifestyle factors relevant to headache. Extensions such as these would contribute to headache management, provide clear targets for change, and encourage adoption of a biopsychosocial perspective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1649-1652
Number of pages4
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • biopsychosocial
  • classification
  • coping
  • disability
  • headache
  • migraine
  • triggers

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