Class and Class Consciousness in Marxist Theory

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Marx’s general theory of ideology stresses the necessary connectedness of social structure and social belief. But it also produces two more specific theses: that the ideas of the ruling class are the ruling ideas; and that different classes tend to produce different forms of class consciousness. This paper traces the history of these notions in communist Marxism and in Western Marxism.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-176
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Critical Thought
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Marxism
  • revolution
  • ideology
  • class consciousness
  • hegemony

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