Circuit Survival during Continuous Venovenous Hemodialysis versus Continuous Venovenous Hemofiltration

Alfonso Maria Califano, Laurent Bitker, Ian Baldwin, Nigel Fealy, Rinaldo Bellomo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) technique may affect circuit lifespan. A shorter circuit life may reduce CRRT efficacy and increase costs. Methods: In a before-and-after study, we compared circuit median survival time during continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH) versus continuous venovenous hemodialysis (-CVVHD). We performed log-rank mixed effects univariate analysis and Cox mixed effect regression modeling to define predictors of circuit lifespan. Results: We compared 197-CVVHD and 97 CVVH circuits in 39 patients. There was no overall difference in circuit lifespan. When no anticoagulation was used, median circuit survival time was shorter for CVVH circuits (5 h, 95% CI 3-7 vs. 10 h, 95% CI 8-13, p < 0.01). Moreover, CVVHD, lower platelets levels, and longer activated partial thromboplastin time independently predicted longer circuit median survival time. Conclusions: CVVHD is associated with longer circuit median survival time than CVVH when no anticoagulation is used and is an independent predictor of circuit survival.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-288
Number of pages8
JournalBlood Purification
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute kidney injury
  • Anticoagulation
  • Circuit survival
  • Clotting
  • Continuous renal replacement therapy
  • Continuous venovenous hemodialysis

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