Chronic poverty measures

Aaron Nicholas, Ranjan Ray

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Researchpeer-review


This chapter surveys the recent literature on ‘chronic poverty’, tracing the evolution of this concept over time. It builds on the distinction between transient and longer term poverty. The focus of this chapter is on the methodological development showing how the unidimensional poverty measures were extended to include poverty spells. We focus on extensions based on the Foster, Greer, and Thorbecke (1984) measure, including multidimensional extensions that account for chronicity. The chapter shows how the earlier poverty counting exercise has become more complex not only in the definition of poverty but also in requiring the evaluator’s choice of values of several parameters besides requiring longitudinal data on several dimensions over a long enough time period for meaningful policy analysis.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationResearch Handbook on Measuring Poverty and Deprivation
EditorsJacques Silber
Place of PublicationCheltenham UK
PublisherEdward Elgar Publishing
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781800883451
ISBN (Print)9781800883444
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Publication series

NameElgar Handbooks in Development


  • Duration and Persistence of poverty
  • Focus Axiom
  • Multidimensional poverty
  • Poverty Spell
  • Shapley Decomposition
  • Transfer Axiom
  • Transient and Chronic Poverty

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