Chronic hypoxia induces Rho kinase-dependent myogenic tone in small pulmonary arteries

Bradley Randal Scott Broughton, Benjimen R Walker, Thomas C Resta

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Abstract

Myogenic tone in the pulmonary vasculature of normoxic adult animals is minimal or nonexistent. Whereas chronic hypoxia (CH) increases basal tone in pulmonary arteries, it is unclear if a portion of this elevated tone is due to development of myogenicity. Since basal arterial RhoA activity and Rho kinase (ROK) expression are augmented by CH, we hypothesized that CH elicits myogenic reactivity in pulmonary arteries through ROK-dependent vascular smooth muscle (VSM) Ca(2+) sensitization. To test this hypothesis, we assessed the contribution of ROK to basal tone and pressure-induced vasoconstriction in endothelium-disrupted pulmonary arteries [50-300 microm inner diameter (ID)] from control and CH [4 wk at 0.5 atmosphere (atm)] rats. Arteries were loaded with fura-2 AM to continuously monitor VSM intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)). Basal VSM [Ca(2+)](i) was not different between groups. The ROK inhibitor, HA-1077 (100 nM to 30 microM), caused a concentration-dependent reduction of basal tone in CH arteries but had no effect in control vessels. In contrast, PKC inhibition with GF109203X (1 microM) did not alter basal tone. Furthermore, significant vasoconstriction in response to stepwise increases in intraluminal pressure (5-45 mmHg) was observed at 12, 15, 25, and 35 mmHg in arteries (50-200 microm ID) from CH rats. This myogenic reactivity was abolished by HA-1077 (10 microM) but not by GF109203X. VSM [Ca(2+)](i) was unaltered by HA-1077, GF109203X, or increases in pressure in either group. Myogenicity was not observed in larger vessels (200-300 microm ID). We conclude that CH induces myogenic tone in small pulmonary arteries through ROK-dependent myofilament Ca(2+) sensitization.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)797 - 806
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume294
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

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