Cholinergic connectivity: It's implications for psychiatric disorders

Elizabeth Scarr, Andrew Stuart Gibbons, Jaclyn Neo, Madhara Udawela, Brian Dean

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Acetylcholine has been implicated in both the pathophysiology and treatment of a number of psychiatric disorders, with most of the data related to its role and therapeutic potential focussing on schizophrenia. However, there is little thought given to the consequences of the documented changes in the cholinergic system and how they may affect the functioning of the brain. This review looks at the cholinergic system and its interactions with the intrinsic neurotransmitters glutamate and gamma-amino butyric acid as well as those with the projection neurotransmitters most implicated in the pathophysiologies of psychiatric disorders; dopamine and serotonin. In addition, with the recent focus on the role of factors normally associated with inflammation in the pathophysiologies of psychiatric disorders, links between the cholinergic system and these factors will also be examined. These interfaces are put into context, primarily for schizophrenia, by looking at the changes in each of these systems in the disorder and exploring, theoretically, whether the changes are interconnected with those seen in the cholinergic system. Thus, this review will provide a comprehensive overview of the connectivity between the cholinergic system and some of the major areas of research into the pathophysiologies of psychiatric disorders, resulting in a critical appraisal of the potential outcomes of a dysregulated central cholinergic system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number55
Number of pages26
JournalFrontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Apr 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acetylcholine
  • Cytokines
  • Dopamine
  • GABA
  • Glutamate
  • Psychiatric disorders
  • Serotonin

Cite this