Chlamydia testing and retesting patterns at family planning clinics in Australia

Anna L Bowring, Jane L Goller, Maelenn Gouillou, Caroline Harvey, Deborah Bateson, Kathleen Margaret McNamee, Christine Read, Douglas Boyle, Lynne Jordan, Robyn Wardle, Anne Stephens, Basil Donovan, Rebecca Guy, Margaret Elena Hellard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction National guidelines recommend opportunistic chlamydia screening of sexually active 16- to 29-year-olds and encourage retesting 3-12 months after a diagnosed chlamydia (Chlamydia trachomatis) infection. We assessed chlamydia testing patterns at five Australian family planning clinics (FPCs). Methods: Using routine clinic data from 16- to 29-year-olds, we calculated chlamydia testing and positivity rates in 2008-2009. Reattendance, retesting and positivity rates at retesting within 1.5-4 and 1.5-12 months of a positive result were calculated. Results: Over 2 years, 13?690 individuals aged 16-29 years attended five FPCs (93 female). In 2008, 3159 females (41.4 ,) and 263 males (57.0 ) were tested for chlamydia; positivity was 8 and 19 , respectively. In 2009, 3178 females (39.6 ) and 295 males (57.2 ) were tested; positivity was 8 and 23 , respectively. Of 7637 females attending in 2008, 38 also attended in 2009, of which 20 were tested both years. Within 1.5-4 months of a positive test, 83 (31.1 ) females reattended; the retesting rate was 13 and 12 retested positive. Within 1.5-12 months of a positive test, 96 (57.5 ) females reattended; the retesting rate was 36 and 13 retested positive. Conclusions: Approximately 40 of young people attending FPCs were tested for chlamydia but a smaller proportion were tested annually or were retested following chlamydia infection. High positivity rates emphasise that FPCs see a high-risk population. To maximise testing opportunities, clinical prompts, patient reminder systems and non-clinic testing strategies may be needed
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74 - 81
Number of pages8
JournalSexual Health
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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