Chirality in network solids

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Abstract

Chirality is most often considered as a molecular property, arising either from the presence of an organic stereocentre, from restricted bond rotation leading to conformer trapping or from the arrangement of ligands around a central metal atom. Chiral solids can arise in one of two ways; firstly, and most predictably, enantiomerically pure compounds must crystallize in a chiral space group. Secondly, achiral compounds may crystallize in such a way that the arrangement of molecules in the crystal lattice makes the overall arrangement chiral. This chapter discusses the issues surrounding the synthesis of homochiral inorganic network solids, various synthetic routes towards homochiral metal-organic network solids and the practical uses of these chiral materials. It focuses on the construction of materials that contain a chiral network, either by intrinsic topology or by inclusion of chiral features in the backbone of the framework.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationChirality in Supramolecular Assemblies
Subtitle of host publicationCauses and Consequences
EditorsF. Richard Keene
Place of PublicationChichester
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
Pages190-217
Number of pages28
ISBN (Electronic)9781118867334
ISBN (Print)9781118867341
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Dec 2016

Keywords

  • Bond rotation
  • Chiral coordination
  • Chiral network
  • Crystal lattice
  • Enantiopure ligand
  • Homochiral inorganic network solids
  • Homochiral metal-organic network solids
  • Intrinsic topology
  • Molecular property
  • Organic stereocentre

Cite this

Turner, D. R. (2016). Chirality in network solids. In F. R. Keene (Ed.), Chirality in Supramolecular Assemblies: Causes and Consequences (pp. 190-217). Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118867334.ch7