Childhood nephrotic syndrome is a condition managed by general paediatricians and paediatric nephrologists. Whether treating a first presentation or a relapse, the clinician requires expertise in order to minimise the risk of serious complications and optimise long-term care. Indeed, many children suffer a difficult relapsing course in their disease, warranting consideration of second-line therapies. The last two decades have witnessed a growing knowledge of the condition and increased complexity of diagnostic and therapeutic options, which poses a challenge for the general paediatrician, given the condition's relative rarity in daily practice. This review aims to familiarise the reader with some of the most important recent developments and particularly to provide an insight into what management options are available and when it may be appropriate to seek advice from a nephrologist.
- focal segmental glomerulosclerosis
- minimal change disease
- nephrotic syndrome