Child restraint use in low socio-economic areas of urban Sydney during transition to new legislation

Lisa Keay, Kate Hunter, Julie Brown, Lynne Bilston, Judy Simpson, Mark Robert Stevenson, Rebecca Ivers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Child restraints protect a young child against injury in crashes but best practice child restraint use is low in Australia, particularly among lower socio-economic groups. We investigated factors associated with restraint use to inform the development of education and distribution programmes to support new Australian legislation on child passengers among families in low socio-economic areas of metropolitan Sydney. We interviewed a parent or carer of 1160 children aged 2-5 years enrolled at one of 28 early childhood centres in low socio-economic areas of urban Sydney. Appropriate child restraint use was defined as a forward facing child restraint (FFCR) for 2-3 year olds and a FFCR or booster seat for children aged 4 years or more. Predictors of self-reported appropriate use were explored using logistic regression. Analysis was conducted on one child from each family in the target age range (2-5 years): 586 (51 ) were male and the mean age was 3.5 (Standard Deviation 0.8) years. There were 432 (45 ) families with annual income below 60,000, 248 (22 ) spoke a language other than English at home and 360 (33 ) had 3 or more children. Fifty-four percent of carers indicated that their 2-3 year old children travelled in a FFCR. Inappropriate use among children in this age group was more likely when the carer was
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)984 - 981
Number of pages8
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Cite this