Chemoarchitecture of the middle temporal visual area in the marmoset monkey (Callithrix jacchus): Laminar distribution of calcium-binding proteins (Calbindin, Parvalbumin) and nonphosphorylated neurofilament

James Andrew Bourne, Claire Eileen Warner, Daniel Upton, Marcello Goncalves Rosa

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We studied the distributions of interneurons containing the calcium-binding proteins parvalbumin and calbindin D-28k, as well as that of pyramidal neurons containing nonphosphorylated neurofilament (NNF), in the middle temporal visual area (MT) of marmoset monkeys. The distributions of these classes of cells in MT are distinct from those found in adjacent areas. Similar to the primary visual area (V1), in MT, calbindin-immunopositive neurons can be objectively classified into dark and light subtypes based on optical density of stained cell bodies. Calbindin-positive dark neurons are particularly concentrated in layers 2 and 3, whereas light neurons have a more widespread distribution. In addition, a subcategory of calbindin-positive dark neuron, characterized by a halo of stained processes surrounding the cell body, is found within and around layer 4 of MT and V1. These cells are rare in most other visual areas. In comparison, parvalbumin-immunopositive cells in area MT have a relatively homogeneous distribution, although with a trend toward higher spatial density in lower layer 3, and are relatively uniform in terms of density of staining. Finally, MT shows a characteristic trilaminar distribution of NNF-immunopositive pyramidal cells, with stained cell bodies evident in layers 3, 5, and 6. Although the laminar distribution of cells stained for the three markers overlap to some extent, these subcategories can be readily distinguished in terms of morphology, including cell body size. Chemoarchitectural parallels observed between MT and V1 suggest comparable physiological requirements and neuronal circuitry.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)832 - 849
Number of pages18
JournalThe Journal of Comparative Neurology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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