Chemical Composition of Peganum harmala Smoke and Volatile Oil

Pouya Faridi, Younes Ghasemi, Abdolali Mohagheghzadeh

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Peganum harmala L. smoke has been used traditionally in Middle Eastern and Asian countries as a disinfectant and air purifier. Here, the smoke was collected by a simple, reproducible method, and its chemical constituents of the smoke and volatile oil were analyzed. The major components of P. harmala smoke were α-pinene (60.4 %), limonene (6.4 %) and styrene (4.2 %) and those of the volatile oil were α-pinene (72.6 %), trans-verbenole (3.9 %) and sabinene (2.6 %). Styrene and some other components with potential antimicrobial and immunomodulatory activities were formed in the smoke but not found in the volatile oil.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)850-854
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Essential Oil-Bearing Plants
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • 1Peganum harmala
  • 1Syrian rue
  • 1Volatile oil
  • Medicinal smoke

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