Chemical composition and antioxidant properties of the essential oil of Cinnamomum altissimum Kosterm. (Lauraceae)

Siddig Ibrahim Abdelwahab, Abdalbasit Adam Mariod, Manal Mohamed Elhassan Taha, Faridah Qamaruz Zaman, Adil Hassan Ahmed Abdelmageed, Shamsul Khamis, Yasodha Sivasothy, Khalijah Awang

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The essential oil of the bark of Cinnamomum altissimum Kosterm. obtained by hydrodistillation was analyzed by capillary GC and GC–MS. The oil was characterized by linalool (36.0%), methyl eugenol (12.8%), limonene (8.3%), α-terpineol (7.8%) and terpinen-4-ol (6.4%). The content of total phenolics in the extracts was determined spectrometrically according to the Folin–Ciocalteu procedure and calculated as gallic acid equivalents (GAE). A total phenolic compound was 50.41 ± 0.98 μg GAE/mg oil. The extract displayed antioxidant activities, with an IC50 value of 38.5 ± 4.72 μg/ml, using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay, and 345.2 ± 14.8 μM Fe (II)/g dry mass using ferric reducing/antioxidant power (FRAP) assay.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-135
Number of pages5
JournalArabian Journal of Chemistry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Antioxidant activity
  • Cinnamomum altissimum Kosterm.
  • Essential oils
  • Linalool
  • Methyl eugenol

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