Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of volatile oil of phoenix dactylifera staminate flower spikes

Pouya Faridi, Zahra Rezaei, Abdolali Mohagheghzadeh, Majid Hamidpour, Mohammad Hossein Morowvat, Amir Khalaj, Younes Ghasemi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Context: Phoenix dactylifera L. (Arecaceae) staminate flower spikes have been used in Persian traditional medicine and food products for a long time. Objective: The goal of this study it analysis of chemical constitutes and antimicrobial activity of this volatile oil. Materials and methods: Its volatile oil was analyzed by GC/MS and antimicrobial activity (MIC) against four gram positive, five gram negative, two yeasts and two fungi were examined. Results: Thirty components (96.2%) were identified, and the major components were linalool (57.4%), hexyl caproate (5.8%), and β-fenchyl alcohol (4.2%). and the volatile oil has shown good antimicrobial activity against some food pathogens. Discussion and conclusion: There is no high concentration of any toxic compound in this volatile oil, and the volatile oil shows good antimicrobial activity, so it can be suggested that this volatile oil can be used as a safe preservative.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1139-1141
Number of pages3
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemical Research (IJPPR)
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Antimicrobial activity
  • Arecaceae
  • GC/MS
  • Linalool
  • Phoenix dactylifera L.
  • Volatile oil

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