Chemical characterization, antioxidant, enzyme inhibitory and cytotoxic properties of two geophytes: Crocus pallasii and Cyclamen cilicium

Gokhan Zengin, Mohamad Fawzi Mahomoodally, Kouadio Ibrahime Sinan, Marie Carene Nancy Picot-Allain, Evren Yildiztugay, Zoltán Cziáky, József Jekő, Hammad Saleem, Nafees Ahemad

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10 Citations (Scopus)


The Crocus and Cyclamen genus have been reported to possess diverse biological properties. In the present investigation, two geophytes from these genus, namely Crocus pallasi and Cyclamen cilicium have been studied. The in vitro antioxidant, enzyme inhibitory, and cytotoxic effects of the methanol extracts of Crocus pallasii and Cyclamen cilicium aerial and underground parts were investigated. Antioxidant abilities of the extracts were investigated via different antioxidant assays (metal chelating, radical quenching (ABTS and DPPH), reducing power (CUPRAC and FRAP) and phosphomolybdenum). Cholinesterases, amylase, tyrosinase, and glucosidase were used as target enzymes for detecting enzyme inhibitory abilities of the samples. Regarding the cytotoxic abilities, breast cancer cell lines (MDA-MB 231 and MCF-7) and prostate cancer cell lines (DU-145) were used. The flowers extracts of Crocus pallasii and C. cilicium possessed the highest flavonoid content. The highest phenolic content was recorded from C. cilicium root extract (47.62 mg gallic acid equivalent/g extract). Cyclamen cilicium root extract showed significantly (p < 0.05) high radical scavenging (94.28 and 139.60 mg trolox equivalent [TE]/g extract, against DPPH and ABTS radicals, respectively) and reducing potential (173.30 and 109.53 mg TE/g extract, against CUPRAC and FRAP, respectively). The best acetylcholinesterase, glucosidase and tyrosinase inhibition was observed in C. cilicium root (4.46 mg GALAE/g; 15.75 mmol ACAE/g; 136.99 mg KAE/g, respectively). Methanolic extracts of C. pallasii and C. cilicium showed toxicity against breast cancer cell lines. In light of the above findings, C. cilicium might be considered as an interesting candidate in the development of anti-cancer agent coupled with antioxidant properties.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109129
Number of pages9
JournalFood Research International
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020


  • Antioxidant
  • Bioactive agents
  • Breast cancer
  • Crocus
  • Cyclamen
  • Prostate cancer

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