Characterizing shock waves in hydrogel using high speed imaging and a fiber-optic probe hydrophone

Phillip A. Anderson, M. R. Betney, H. W. Doyle, B. Tully, Y. Ventikos, N. A. Hawker, Ronald A. Roy

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The impact of a stainless steel disk-shaped projectile launched by a single-stage light gas gun is used to generate planar shock waves with amplitudes on the order of 102MPa in a hydrogel target material. These shock waves are characterized using ultra-high-speed imaging as well as a fiber-optic probe hydrophone. Although the hydrogel equation of state (EOS) is unknown, the combination of these measurements with conservation of mass and momentum allows us to calculate pressure. It is also shown that although the hydrogel behaves similarly to water, the use of a water EOS underpredicts pressure amplitudes in the hydrogel by ~10% at the shock front. Further, the water EOS predicts pressures approximately 2% higher than those determined by conservation laws for a given value of the shock velocity. Shot to shot repeatability is controlled to within 10%, with the shock speed and pressure increasing as a function of the velocity of the projectile at impact. Thus the projectile velocity may be used as an adequate predictor of shock conditions in future work with a restricted suite of diagnostics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number057101
Number of pages7
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Volume29
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2017
Externally publishedYes

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