Characterization of the binding of [ 125I]-human prolactin releasing peptide (PrRP) to GPR10, a novel G protein coupled receptor

Christopher J. Langmead, Philip G. Szekeres, Jonathan K. Chambers, Steven J. Ratcliffe, Declan N C Jones, Warren D. Hirst, Gary W. Price, Hugh J. Herdon

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1 GPR10 is a novel G-protein coupled receptor that is the human orthologue of rat Unknown Hypothalamic Receptor-1 (UHR-1). Human prolactin-releasing peptide (PrRP) has been identified as an endogenous ligand for GPR10, and occurs as 31 and 20 amino acid forms. The present study characterizes the binding of [ 125I]-PrRP-20 to HEK293 cells stably expressing GPR10 receptors. 2 Specific binding of [ 125I]-PrRP-20 was saturable, and analysis suggested evidence of both high and low affinity sites, with K(D) values of 0.026 ± 0.006 and 0.57 ± 0.14 nM respectively, and B(max) values of 3010 ± 400 and 8570 ± '2240 fmol mg protein -1 respectively. Kinetic studies were unable to distinguish two sites, but single site analysis of association and dissociation data produced a K(D) of 0.012 nM. 3 Competition studies revealed that human and rat PrRP-20 and PrRP-31 all display high affinity for GPR10. A range of other drugs which are known ligands at receptors which share limited homology with GPR10 were also tested. None of the drugs tested, including the RF-amide neuropeptide FF, demonstrated any affinity for GPR10. 4 Human PrRP-20 failed to alter basal or forskolin-stimulated levels of intracellular cyclic AMP in HEK293-GPR10 cells, suggesting that GPR10 does not couple via either G(s) or G(i). 5 Functional studies using measurements of intracellular calcium confirmed that human and rat PrRP-20 and PrRP-31 are all potent, full agonists at the GPR10 receptor. The response was blocked both by thapsigargin, indicating mobilization of intracellular Ca 2+ stores. 6 These studies indicate that [ 125I]-PrRP-20 is a specific, high affinity radioligand for GPR10. The availability of this radioligand binding assay will be a valuable tool for the investigation of the key features involved in PrRP binding and studies on the localization and function of GPR10.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)683-688
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • G-protein coupled receptor
  • GPR10 receptor
  • Prolactin-releasing peptide
  • Radioligand binding
  • UHR-1 receptor, [ I]-PrRP-20

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