Characterization of recombinant monoclonal IgA anti-PDC-E2 autoantibodies derived from patients with PBC

Nobuyoshi Fukushima, Greg Nalbandian, Judy Van de Water, Kandra White, Aftab A. Ansari, Patrick Leung, Thomas Kenny, Shizuo G. Kamita, Bruce D. Hammock, Ross L. Coppel, Freida Stevenson, Hiromi Ishibashi, M. Eric Gershwin

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Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is an autoimmune liver disease characterized by the presence of autoantibodies to mitochondria (AMA). Recent evidence suggests that PBC develops after a locally driven response in the mucosa, where immunoglobulin A (IgA) is the dominant antibody isotype. In this study, we produced recombinant pxruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC-E2)-specific dimeric human IgA monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) in a baculovirus expression system. By using 2 anti-PDC-E2 IgG mAbs derived from patients with PBC, we constructed 2 recombinant baculoviruses, each containing heavy chains with the Cα constant region. These were simultaneously co-infected into Sf9 insect cells with recombinant baculovirus containing the J chain. A sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) immunoblotting profile of the IgA using a 6% nonreducing gel verified the dimeric nature of the autoantibodies. Both recombinants retained their original specificity for PDC-E2. In addition, the antibody showed a mitochondrial staining pattern in HEp2 cells and apically stained the biliary epithelial cells (BECs) in the liver of a patient with PBC but not a normal patient. Transcytosis experiments performed using human polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR) expressing Madine-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells showed that one of the recombinants showed a high degree of colocalization with PDC-E2. In conclusion, these data provide further rupport of the hypothesis that PDC-E2-specific IgA may enter biliary epithelial cells of PBC patients via the pIgR and complex with PDC-E2, thereby potentially contributing to the pathology of BECs. Moreover, this recombinant PDC-E2-specific mAb provides a tool for further determination of the role of anti-PDC-E2 IgA in the pathogenesis of PBC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1383-1392
Number of pages10
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2002

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