Characterization of posttranslational modifications of human A33 antigen, a novel palmitoylated surface glycoprotein of human gastrointestinal epithelium

Gerd Ritter, Leonard S. Cohen, Edouard C. Nice, Bruno Catimel, Antony W. Burgess, Robert L. Moritz, Hong Ji, Joan K. Heath, Sara J. White, Sydney Welt, Lloyd J. Old, Richard J. Simpson

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38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Monoclonal antibody (mAb) A33 recognizes a differentiation antigen (A33) expressed in normal human gastrointestinal epithelium and in 95% of human colon cancers. Murine mAb A33 shows specific targeting of colon cancer in humans and a humanized A33 antibody is currently being evaluated in the clinic. The cDNA for the human A33 antigen has recently been cloned, and sequence comparison indicated that the A33 antigen is a novel human cell surface molecule of the immunoglobulin superfamily. Because mAb A33 recognizes a conformational epitope, only a partial characterization of the A33 antigen has been carried out to date. In this report we show that the A33 antigen is (I) N-glycosylated, containing approximately 8 K of N-linked carbohydrate and there is no evidence for O-glycosylation, sialylation or glycophosphatidylinositol, and (ii) S-acylated in vitro, incorporating [3H] palmitic acid linked through a hydroxylamine-sensitive thioester bond. The S-palmitoylation may be involved in regulating the internalization process initiated by binding of mAb A33 to cell surface A33 antigen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)682-686
Number of pages5
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume236
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jul 1997
Externally publishedYes

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