The microstructures of Al-3Ti-lCe (wt pct) and Al-5Ti-5Ce alloys melt-spun under controlled He atmosphere have been characterized using analytical electron microscopy. The rapidly solidified microstructures comprise uniform, fine-scale dispersions of intermetallic phase in an aluminum matrix, and particular attention has been given to identification of the dispersed phases. In the Al-3Ti-lCe alloy, the dispersed particles are polycrystalline with a complex twinned substructure and a diamond cubic crystal structure (a o =1.44 ±0.01 nm) and composition consistent with the ternary compound Al20Ti2Ce (Al18Cr2Mg3 structure type, space group Fd3m). In the Al-5Ti-5Ce alloy, there is, in addition to the dispersed ternary phase, a separate uniform array of fine-scale particles of the binary compound Al11Ce3. The majority of such particles have the body-centered orthorhombic structure of the low-temperature polymorph, α-Al11Ce3, but there is evidence to suggest that at least some particles develop via initial formation of the high-temperature body-centered tetragonal phase, β-Al11Ce3. The accumulated evidence suggests that both binary and ternary particles formed as primary phases directly from the melt during rapid solidification, leaving only small concentrations of solute in aluminum matrix solid solution. Both phases are observed to be resistant to coarsening for up to 240 hours at 400 °C.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Metallurgical Transactions A - Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 1992|