Characterization of aromatic- and purine-dependent Salmonella typhimurium: Attenuation, persistence, and ability to induce protective immunity in BALB/c mice

D. O'Callaghan, D. Maskell, F. Y. Liew, C. S F Easmon, G. Dougan

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Stable transposon-generated auxotrophic mutations in aroA, purA, and purE or aroA and purA together were introduced into Salmonella typhimurium strains which were virulent in mice. Stains harboring any of these mutations were attentuated when tested in BALB/c mice. purE strains were less attenuated than aroA or purA strains. Both aroA and purA mutants persisted for several weeks in the livers and spleens of the mice after intravenous infection, although the numbers of viable cells detected at various times after infection differed. aroA strains persisted at a higher level than purA strains and were effective live vaccines given intravenously or orally. purA strains were ineffective as oral vaccines and were poor intravenous vaccines. Strains harboring both aroA and purA mutations together were ineffective vaccines when administered orally or intravenously, even though they persisted in the livers and spleens of the mice for long periods after intravenous infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-423
Number of pages5
JournalInfection and Immunity
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1988
Externally publishedYes

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