The phagocyte glycoprotein-1 (Pgp-1) antigen of mice is a 94,000 MW molecule with a wide tissue distribution, but no attributed function. We produced a monoclonal antibody (mAb) termed 25-32 which recognizes the Pgp-1 molecule of numerous mammalian species, including humans and sheep. Preclearing experiments with I42/5, a rat anti-mouse Pgp-1 mAb that cross-reacts with human Pgp-1, established the specificity of 25-32 for human and sheep Pgp-1. Moreover, an antibody recognizing human CD44, termed F10-44-2, also reacted with the same molecule as that recognized by 25-32 and I42/5, so establishing the co-identity of CD44 and Pgp-1. Within the sheep thymus, Pgp-1 was expressed most strongly by medullary thymocytes and stromal cells, and by small numbers of cells at the subcapsular cortex. Pgp-1 was expressed early in thymic ontogeny; all 35-40 days gestation fetal sheep thymocytes were intensely Pgp-1+, but by 80 days the number of reactive thymocytes had decreased to adult levels. The expression of Pgp-1 on lymphocytes was markedly increased after stimulation with mitogens, or with phorbol esters and ionomycin. The highly conserved nature of Pgp-1 through evolution, its expression on virtually all cell types within the body, and its increased expression on rapidly dividing cells indicate that this molecule mediates an important function, possibly serving as a hormone or metabolite receptor.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1988|