Characterisation of a g2p[4] rotavirus outbreak in western australia, predominantly impacting aboriginal children

Celeste M. Donato, Nevada Pingault, Elena Demosthenous, Susie Roczo‐farkas, Julie E. Bines

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In May 2017, an outbreak of rotavirus gastroenteritis was reported that predominantly impacted Aboriginal children ≤4 years of age in the Kimberley region of Western Australia. G2P[4] was identified as the dominant genotype circulating during this period and polyacrylamide gel elec-trophoresis revealed the majority of samples exhibited a conserved electropherotype. Full genome sequencing was performed on representative samples that exhibited the archetypal DS‐1‐like genome constellation: G2‐P[4]‐I2‐R2‐C2‐M2‐A2‐N2‐T2‐E2‐H2 and phylogenetic analysis revealed all genes of the outbreak samples were closely related to contemporary Japanese G2P[4] samples. The outbreak samples consistently fell within conserved sub‐clades comprised of Hungarian and Australian G2P[4] samples from 2010. The 2017 outbreak variant was not closely related to G2P[4] variants associated with prior outbreaks in Aboriginal communities in the Northern Territory. When compared to the G2 component of the RotaTeq vaccine, the outbreak variant exhibited mutations in known antigenic regions; however, these mutations are frequently observed in contemporary G2P[4] strains. Despite the level of vaccine coverage achieved in Australia, outbreaks continue to occur in vaccinated populations, which pose challenges to regional areas and remote communities. Continued surveillance and characterisation of emerging variants are imperative to ensure the on-going success of the rotavirus vaccination program in Australia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number350
Number of pages19
JournalPathogens
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Aboriginal
  • G2P[4]
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Indigenous
  • Outbreak
  • Rotavirus
  • Vaccine
  • Western Australia
  • Whole genome sequencing

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