Chapter 3: Polar Regions

Michael P Meredith, Martin Sommerkorn, Sandra Cassotta, Chris Derksen, Alexey A. Ekaykin, Anne Babcock Hollowed, Gary Kofinas, Andrew N Mackintosh, Mônica Mathias Costa Muelbert, Jessica Melbourne-Thomas, Geir Ottersen, Hamish D Pritchard, Edward A G Schuur

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Report)Researchpeer-review


This chapter assesses the state of physical, biological and social knowledge concerning the Arctic and Antarctic ocean and cryosphere, how they are affected by climate change, and how they will evolve in future. Concurrently, it assesses the local, regional and global consequences and impacts of individual and interacting polar system changes, and it assesses response options to reduce risk and build resilience in the polar regions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate
Subtitle of host publicationSummary for Policymakers
EditorsOleg Anisimov, Gregory Flato, Cunde Xiao
Place of PublicationMonaco
PublisherIntergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Number of pages173
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Meredith, M. P., Sommerkorn, M., Cassotta, S., Derksen, C., Ekaykin, A. A., Hollowed, A. B., Kofinas, G., Mackintosh, A. N., Muelbert, M. M. C., Melbourne-Thomas, J., Ottersen, G., Pritchard, H. D., & Schuur, E. A. G. (2019). Chapter 3: Polar Regions. In O. Anisimov, G. Flato, & C. Xiao (Eds.), The Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate: Summary for Policymakers (pp. 3-1-3-173). Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.