Changes in practice and management of placenta accreta spectrum disorder: A 20-year retrospective cohort study

Victoria J. Holmes, Sasha Skinner, Michael Silagy, Daniel L. Rolnik, Ben W. Mol, Annie Kroushev

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Abstract

Background: Placenta accreta spectrum disorder is an increasingly prevalent cause of maternal morbidity in developed countries. Aims: This study aimed to review the management and outcomes of cases of placenta accreta spectrum, and compare blood loss and blood transfusion rates, over time after an institutional change in planned primary surgeon from gynaecological oncologists to experienced obstetricians. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included all cases of suspected or confirmed placenta accreta spectrum disorder (PASD) between 1999 and 2021 at Monash Health. Data were collected by reviewing medical records to obtain baseline characteristics, details of surgical planning and management and major maternal morbidity outcomes over a 20-year period. The primary surgical lead was recorded as either gynaecological oncologist or experienced obstetricians. The primary outcomes were estimated maternal blood loss and number of units of blood transfused. Results: A total of 88 patients were identified: 43 between 1999 and 2015 where gynaecological oncologists were the primary surgeon in 79% of cases and 45 between 2016 and 2021 where experienced obstetricians were the primary surgeon in 73.3% of cases. There was no statistically significant difference in the estimated blood loss between the two time periods (median: 2000 vs 2500 mL, P = 0.669). Hysterectomy rates were significantly reduced in the second time period, from 100 to 73.3%, P < 0.001. Conclusion: Management of cases of PASDs has improved over time with changes in antenatal diagnosis and perioperative management, and management by experienced obstetricians has similar maternal outcomes compared to those whose management includes the presence of gynaecological oncologists.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)786-791
Number of pages6
JournalAustralian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Volume63
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • caesarean hysterectomy
  • maternal morbidity
  • obstetric haemorrhage
  • placenta accreta spectrum disorder
  • postpartum haemorrhage

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