Challenging behaviour: the causes (part II)

Stella Koritsas, Teresa Iacono

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the dominant approaches used to explain causes of challenging behaviour. Design/methodology/approach: This paper is the second in a two-part series. It presents the causes of challenging behaviour according to the three theoretical approaches that have dominated the literature: applied behaviour analysis; biological factors; and psychiatric disorders. Findings: It is apparent that the causes of challenging behaviour are likely to be complex and involve multiple factors. The approaches that have dominated the literature focus on single causes and do not explore possible interactions between various causes. Given the shortcomings of existing approaches, a fourth approach, the biopsychosocial model, is proposed as an alternative model to explain the causes of challenging behaviour. Originality/value: This paper is the most recent of only a few providing an overview of the various approaches that seek to explain the causes of challenging behaviour.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)236 - 248
    Number of pages13
    JournalAdvances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities
    Volume6
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

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