Cerebral palsy

Prue Morgan, Jennifer L. McGinley

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Otherpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a lifespan motor disorder arising from damage to the developing brain before or shortly after birth. People with CP may experience problems with muscle coordination and difficulties with the organization and processing of sensory information. Functional mobility is impaired and commonly influenced by spasticity and musculoskeletal system problems such as contractures or bony torsion. Around 60% of individuals with CP are able to walk independently or with aids when entering adulthood. However, many adults with CP experience increasing balance and mobility dysfunction associated with premature aging. Falls and reduced falls efficacy are commonly experienced, with associated physical and psychosocial consequences. There is evidence that ambulant adults with CP may be able to enhance their functional balance and mobility as a result of an individualized exercise program of sufficient duration and intensity. However, whether such programs result in a reduction in falls is unknown. Given the high number of falls with injury experienced by this population, attention to fall risk factors and provision of basic fall prevention strategies are warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Clinical Neurology
Subtitle of host publication3rd Series
EditorsMichael J. Aminoff, Francois Boller, Dick F. Swaab
Place of PublicationNetherlands
PublisherElsevier BV
Chapter20
Pages323-336
Number of pages14
Volume159
ISBN (Print)978-0-444-63916-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Publication series

NameHandbook of Clinical Neurology
Volume159
ISSN (Print)0072-9752
ISSN (Electronic)2212-4152

Keywords

  • balance
  • cerebral palsy
  • falls
  • gait
  • mobility

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