Central carbon metabolism of Leishmania parasites

Eleanor C Saunders, David P De Souza, Thomas Naderer, Marikje F Sernee, Julie E Ralton, Maria A Doyle, James Ian MacRae, Jenny L Chambers, Joanne Heng, Amsha Nahid, Vladimir A Likic, Malcolm J McConville

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleOther

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Leishmania spp. are sandfly-transmitted protozoa parasites that cause a spectrum of diseases in humans. Many enzymes involved in Leishmania central carbon metabolism differ from their equivalents in the mammalian host and are potential drug targets. In this review we summarize recent advances in our understanding of Leishmania central carbon metabolism, focusing on pathways of carbon utilization that are required for growth and pathogenesis in the mammalian host. While Leishmania central carbon metabolism shares many features in common with other pathogenic trypanosomatids, significant differences are also apparent. Leishmania parasites are also unusual in constitutively expressing most core metabolic pathways throughout their life cycle, a feature that may allow these parasites to exploit a range of different carbon sources (primarily sugars and amino acids) rapidly in both the insect vector and vertebrate host. Indeed, recent gene deletion studies suggest that mammal-infective stages are dependent on multiple carbon sources in vivo. The application of metabolomic approaches, outlined here, are likely to be important in defining aspects of central carbon metabolism that are essential at different stages of mammalian host infection.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1303 - 1313
Number of pages11
JournalParasitology
Volume137
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

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