Censorship in Research and Scholarship

Nicholas Evans, Michael John Selgelid

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEncyclopaedia / Dictionary EntryOther


Censorship involves the suppression of communication that may be valuable or harmful to the censor, the individual or group censored, or the intended recipient of the communication. Researchers and scholars have been censored throughout history by religious, political, military, and corporate powers. During the twenty-first century, much debate has surrounded questions about the potential censorship of "dual-use" biological research that could enable production and use of biological weapons. Whether or not censorship would be ethically appropriate in this contemporary context depends on how trade-offs should be made between the values of free communication and harm prevention.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioural Sciences
EditorsJames D. Wright
Place of PublicationOxford UK
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9780080970875
ISBN (Print)9780080970868
Publication statusPublished - 26 Mar 2015


  • Biology
  • Bioterrorism
  • Butler Act
  • Censorship
  • Copernicus
  • Dual-use
  • Freedom of speech
  • Galileo
  • History of science
  • Human rights
  • Nuclear science
  • Religious censorship
  • Scientific research
  • Tobacco research

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