"Celebrating the Anzac spirit": the visual representation and censorship of the Australian soldier

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Researchpeer-review

Abstract

This chapter investigates the visual representation of the Australian soldier and the continued suppression of Australian war photography since 1915. Using archival research and oral history methodology, it will consider how Australian military censorship affected the press photographers in two ways: logistically and visually. The chapter argues that Australian photographers have always been controlled by particular strategies, embedding, and, later, restricted contact with the military. During both World Wars the military and government censored all photographs from the frontline, and since the 1960s Australian photographers have only been given limited access to Australian soldiers. Consequently, the Australian public rarely saw the searing brutality of war through the lens of the accredited newspaper photographers. This control was partly due to the determination of the authorities to ensure that images of Australian soldiers subscribed to particular political and military values. These ideals were immortalised by the “Anzac legend,” a pivotal narrative in the Australian discourse, which emphasised the soldiers’ “courage, endurance, initiative, discipline, and mateship” (Australian War Memorial), and eschewed military failure and fragility. Consequently, photographs of the Australian dead were not published in of the wounded were usually only published when they were accorded with heroic iconography. Australian newspapers, and images
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Visual Politics of War Volume Two
Subtitle of host publicationTruth and Lies of Soft Power
EditorsIbrahim Saleh, Thomas Knieper
Place of PublicationNewcastle upon Tyne UK
PublisherCambridge Scholars Publishing
Pages49 - 71
Number of pages23
Volume2nd
Edition1st
ISBN (Print)9781527505445
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Publication series

NameVisual Politics of War
PublisherCambridge Scholars Publishing
ISSN (Print)2514-2542

Keywords

  • Media history
  • photography
  • Journalism history
  • journalism studies
  • War dead

Cite this

Anderson, F. (2018). "Celebrating the Anzac spirit": the visual representation and censorship of the Australian soldier. In I. Saleh, & T. Knieper (Eds.), The Visual Politics of War Volume Two: Truth and Lies of Soft Power (1st ed., Vol. 2nd, pp. 49 - 71). (Visual Politics of War). Newcastle upon Tyne UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
Anderson, Fay . / "Celebrating the Anzac spirit" : the visual representation and censorship of the Australian soldier. The Visual Politics of War Volume Two: Truth and Lies of Soft Power. editor / Ibrahim Saleh ; Thomas Knieper. Vol. 2nd 1st. ed. Newcastle upon Tyne UK : Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2018. pp. 49 - 71 (Visual Politics of War).
@inbook{baac0740b3864d04a392828205d63341,
title = "{"}Celebrating the Anzac spirit{"}: the visual representation and censorship of the Australian soldier",
abstract = "This chapter investigates the visual representation of the Australian soldier and the continued suppression of Australian war photography since 1915. Using archival research and oral history methodology, it will consider how Australian military censorship affected the press photographers in two ways: logistically and visually. The chapter argues that Australian photographers have always been controlled by particular strategies, embedding, and, later, restricted contact with the military. During both World Wars the military and government censored all photographs from the frontline, and since the 1960s Australian photographers have only been given limited access to Australian soldiers. Consequently, the Australian public rarely saw the searing brutality of war through the lens of the accredited newspaper photographers. This control was partly due to the determination of the authorities to ensure that images of Australian soldiers subscribed to particular political and military values. These ideals were immortalised by the “Anzac legend,” a pivotal narrative in the Australian discourse, which emphasised the soldiers’ “courage, endurance, initiative, discipline, and mateship” (Australian War Memorial), and eschewed military failure and fragility. Consequently, photographs of the Australian dead were not published in of the wounded were usually only published when they were accorded with heroic iconography. Australian newspapers, and images",
keywords = "Media history, photography, Journalism history, journalism studies, War dead",
author = "Fay Anderson",
year = "2018",
language = "English",
isbn = "9781527505445",
volume = "2nd",
series = "Visual Politics of War",
publisher = "Cambridge Scholars Publishing",
pages = "49 -- 71",
editor = "Ibrahim Saleh and Thomas Knieper",
booktitle = "The Visual Politics of War Volume Two",
address = "United Kingdom",
edition = "1st",

}

Anderson, F 2018, "Celebrating the Anzac spirit": the visual representation and censorship of the Australian soldier. in I Saleh & T Knieper (eds), The Visual Politics of War Volume Two: Truth and Lies of Soft Power. 1st edn, vol. 2nd, Visual Politics of War, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Newcastle upon Tyne UK, pp. 49 - 71.

"Celebrating the Anzac spirit" : the visual representation and censorship of the Australian soldier. / Anderson, Fay .

The Visual Politics of War Volume Two: Truth and Lies of Soft Power. ed. / Ibrahim Saleh; Thomas Knieper. Vol. 2nd 1st. ed. Newcastle upon Tyne UK : Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2018. p. 49 - 71 (Visual Politics of War).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Researchpeer-review

TY - CHAP

T1 - "Celebrating the Anzac spirit"

T2 - the visual representation and censorship of the Australian soldier

AU - Anderson, Fay

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - This chapter investigates the visual representation of the Australian soldier and the continued suppression of Australian war photography since 1915. Using archival research and oral history methodology, it will consider how Australian military censorship affected the press photographers in two ways: logistically and visually. The chapter argues that Australian photographers have always been controlled by particular strategies, embedding, and, later, restricted contact with the military. During both World Wars the military and government censored all photographs from the frontline, and since the 1960s Australian photographers have only been given limited access to Australian soldiers. Consequently, the Australian public rarely saw the searing brutality of war through the lens of the accredited newspaper photographers. This control was partly due to the determination of the authorities to ensure that images of Australian soldiers subscribed to particular political and military values. These ideals were immortalised by the “Anzac legend,” a pivotal narrative in the Australian discourse, which emphasised the soldiers’ “courage, endurance, initiative, discipline, and mateship” (Australian War Memorial), and eschewed military failure and fragility. Consequently, photographs of the Australian dead were not published in of the wounded were usually only published when they were accorded with heroic iconography. Australian newspapers, and images

AB - This chapter investigates the visual representation of the Australian soldier and the continued suppression of Australian war photography since 1915. Using archival research and oral history methodology, it will consider how Australian military censorship affected the press photographers in two ways: logistically and visually. The chapter argues that Australian photographers have always been controlled by particular strategies, embedding, and, later, restricted contact with the military. During both World Wars the military and government censored all photographs from the frontline, and since the 1960s Australian photographers have only been given limited access to Australian soldiers. Consequently, the Australian public rarely saw the searing brutality of war through the lens of the accredited newspaper photographers. This control was partly due to the determination of the authorities to ensure that images of Australian soldiers subscribed to particular political and military values. These ideals were immortalised by the “Anzac legend,” a pivotal narrative in the Australian discourse, which emphasised the soldiers’ “courage, endurance, initiative, discipline, and mateship” (Australian War Memorial), and eschewed military failure and fragility. Consequently, photographs of the Australian dead were not published in of the wounded were usually only published when they were accorded with heroic iconography. Australian newspapers, and images

KW - Media history

KW - photography

KW - Journalism history

KW - journalism studies

KW - War dead

M3 - Chapter (Book)

SN - 9781527505445

VL - 2nd

T3 - Visual Politics of War

SP - 49

EP - 71

BT - The Visual Politics of War Volume Two

A2 - Saleh, Ibrahim

A2 - Knieper, Thomas

PB - Cambridge Scholars Publishing

CY - Newcastle upon Tyne UK

ER -

Anderson F. "Celebrating the Anzac spirit": the visual representation and censorship of the Australian soldier. In Saleh I, Knieper T, editors, The Visual Politics of War Volume Two: Truth and Lies of Soft Power. 1st ed. Vol. 2nd. Newcastle upon Tyne UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. 2018. p. 49 - 71. (Visual Politics of War).