CD80 and PD-L2 define functionally distinct memory B cell subsets that are independent of antibody isotype

Griselda Zuccarino-Catania, Saheli Sadanand, Florian J Weisel, Mary M Tomayko, Hailong Meng, Steven H Kleinstein, Kim L Good-Jacobson, Mark J Shlomchik

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218 Citations (Scopus)


Memory B cells (MBCs) are long-lived sources of rapid, isotype-switched secondary antibody-forming cell (AFC) responses. Whether MBCs homogeneously retain the ability to self-renew and terminally differentiate or if these functions are compartmentalized into MBC subsets has remained unclear. It has been suggested that antibody isotype controls MBC differentiation upon restimulation. Here we demonstrate that subcategorizing MBCs on the basis of their expression of CD80 and PD-L2, independently of isotype, identified MBC subsets with distinct functions upon rechallenge. CD80 + PD-L2 + MBCs differentiated rapidly into AFCs but did not generate germinal centers (GCs); conversely, CD80-PD-L2- MBCs generated few early AFCs but robustly seeded GCs. The gene-expression patterns of the subsets supported both the identity and function of these distinct MBC types. Hence, the differentiation and regeneration of MBCs are compartmentalized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)631-637
Number of pages7
JournalNature Immunology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2014
Externally publishedYes

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