CD1 and MR1 recognition by human γδ T cells

Ildiko Van Rhijn, Jérôme Le Nours

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The two main T cell lineages, αβ and γδ T cells, play a central role in immunity. Unlike αβ T cells that recognize antigens bound to the Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) or MHC class I-like antigen-presenting molecules, the ligands for γδ T cell receptors (TCRs) are much more diverse. However, it is now clear that γδ TCRs can also recognize MHC class I-like molecules, including CD1b, CD1c, CD1d and the MHC class I-related protein 1 (MR1). Yet, our understanding at the molecular level of γδ T cell immunity to CD1 and MR1 is still very limited. Here, we discuss new molecular paradigms underpinning γδ TCRs recognition of antigens, antigen-presenting molecules or both. The recent discovery of recognition of MR1 by a γδ TCR at a position located underneath the antigen display platform reinforces the view that γδ TCRs can approach their ligands from many directions, unlike αβ TCRs that bind MHC, CD1 and MR1 targets in an aligned, end to end fashion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-100
Number of pages6
JournalMolecular Immunology
Volume133
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2021

Keywords

  • CD1 glycoproteins
  • MHC-like molecules
  • MR1 molecule
  • γδ T cells

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