Causes of death among Australians with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, 2002–2019

Dunya Tomic, Lei Chen, Lauren L. Moran, Dianna J. Magliano, Jonathan E. Shaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Aims: This population-based study sought to explore in detail the conditions driving the diversification in causes of death among people with diabetes. Methods: We linked Australians with type 1 or type 2 diabetes of all ages on the National Diabetes Services Scheme to the National Death Index for 2002–2019. We investigated the proportional contributions of different causes of death to total deaths over time across eight categories of causes of death, stratified by sex and diabetes type. The underlying causes of death were classified according to the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision codes. Results: Between 2002 and 2019, there was a shift in the causes of death among Australians with diabetes away from cardiovascular disease. The proportion of deaths attributed to cardiovascular disease declined in both sexes (ptrend <0.001), most substantially among women with type 2 diabetes from 48.2% in 2002 to 30.7% in 2019. Among men with type 2 diabetes, cancer replaced cardiovascular disease as the leading cause of death. The proportion of deaths due to dementia increased overall, from 2% in 2002 to over 7% in 2019, and across all age groups, notably from 1% to 4% in those aged 70–79. The proportion of deaths due to falls and Parkinson's disease also increased. Conclusions: There has been a shift of causes of death among those with diabetes away from cardiovascular disease. The proportion of deaths due to conditions such as dementia and falls is increasing among those with diabetes, which will require consideration when planning future resource allocation.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere15206
Number of pages10
JournalDiabetic Medicine
Volume41
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024

Keywords

  • cancer
  • cardiovascular disease
  • cause of death
  • dementia
  • diabetes complications
  • epidemiology
  • mortality trends

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