Cationic ring-opening polymerization of protected oxazolidine imines resulting in gradient copolymers of poly(2-oxazoline) and poly(urea)

Meike N. Leiske, Matthias Hartlieb, Fabian H. Sobotta, Renzo M. Paulus, Helmar Görls, Peter Bellstedt, Ulrich S. Schubert

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Poly(urea)s are a polymer class widely used in industry. Their utilization in biomedical applications is already described, however, the use of controlled polymerization methods instead of polycondensation approaches would allow a better control over the degree of polymerization and the dispersity of the resulting polymers, improving their suitability for this particular field of application. Cationic ring-opening polymerization (CROP) as a chain growth polymerization enables those requirements and, additionally, allows the copolymerization with 2-oxazolines, which are generally known for their biocompatibility. In this report, a Boc protected oxazolidine imine monomer is synthesized and polymerized in a homopolymerization, as well as in a copolymerization with 2-ethyl-2-oxazoline (EtOx) via CROP. The synthesized polymers were analyzed regarding their chemical and physical properties, using NMR, GC, MALDI-MS, SEC, TGA and DSC. Copolymerization kinetics revealed the formation of quasi-block copolymers, able to self-assemble in aqueous solution as indicated by DLS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4924-4936
Number of pages13
JournalPolymer Chemistry
Volume7
Issue number30
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes

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