Caring self-efficacy of direct care workers in residential aged care settings: A mixed methods scoping review

Sumina Shrestha, Rayan JM Alharbi, Yvonne Wells, Christine While, Muhammad Aziz Rahman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


The caring self-efficacy of direct care workers in residential aged care has been explored in the literature mostly as a predictor rather than the focus of interest. This scoping review aimed to provide an overview of the existing literature on aged care workers’ caring self-efficacy and factors that influence it. A systematic search was performed in six electronic databases. All primary studies were included. A total of 41 studies met the inclusion criteria. Caring self-efficacy was most often described by aged care workers as their capacity to deal with difficult situations. The self-efficacy scores of direct care workers were high across studies. Self-efficacy was positively influenced by access to resources, relationships with residents and their families, the support of supervisors and co-workers, job satisfaction, and training opportunities, and negatively affected by work pressure and burnout. Findings indicate possible avenues for intervention to improve direct care workers’ self-efficacy in aged care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1429-1445
Number of pages17
JournalGeriatric Nursing
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Direct care workers
  • Nursing homes
  • Nursing staff
  • Residential aged care
  • Scoping review
  • Self-efficacy

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