Cardiovascular Disease and Type 2 Diabetes Risk Across Occupational Groups and Industry in a Statewide Study of an Australian Working Population

Helen Louise Kelsall, Palamandadige Harsha Suranga Fernando, Stella May Gwini, Malcolm Ross Sim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate prevalence of type 2 diabetes (diabetes) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in occupational and industry groups in a large, diverse working population. Methods: Five hundred thousand Victorian workers undertook health checks, including lifestyle, anthropometric, and biomedical cardiovascular risk factor assessment. Five-year diabetes (AUSDRISK) and absolute CVD risk were estimated. Results: High diabetes and CVD risk was increased in many occupational groups and industries relative to managers and Professional/Scientific/Technical Services, respectively. Significantly more blue-collar workers had high diabetes risk [males prevalence ratio (PR) 1.19 (95% confidence interval, 95% CI 1.17 to 1.20); females 1.34 (95% CI 1.30 to 1.38)], high CVD risk [males 1.45 (95% CI 1.37 to 1.53); females 1.48 (95% CI 1.17 to 1.88], and risk factors including smoking [males 2.26 (95% CI 2.22 to 2.30); females 2.20 (95% CI 2.13 to 2.27)], compared with white-collar workers. Conclusion: Targeting occupational and industry groups within sustainable workplace programs could assist in reducing chronic diseases, lowering sickness absence, and improving productivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)286-294
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume60
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018

Cite this

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abstract = "Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate prevalence of type 2 diabetes (diabetes) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in occupational and industry groups in a large, diverse working population. Methods: Five hundred thousand Victorian workers undertook health checks, including lifestyle, anthropometric, and biomedical cardiovascular risk factor assessment. Five-year diabetes (AUSDRISK) and absolute CVD risk were estimated. Results: High diabetes and CVD risk was increased in many occupational groups and industries relative to managers and Professional/Scientific/Technical Services, respectively. Significantly more blue-collar workers had high diabetes risk [males prevalence ratio (PR) 1.19 (95{\%} confidence interval, 95{\%} CI 1.17 to 1.20); females 1.34 (95{\%} CI 1.30 to 1.38)], high CVD risk [males 1.45 (95{\%} CI 1.37 to 1.53); females 1.48 (95{\%} CI 1.17 to 1.88], and risk factors including smoking [males 2.26 (95{\%} CI 2.22 to 2.30); females 2.20 (95{\%} CI 2.13 to 2.27)], compared with white-collar workers. Conclusion: Targeting occupational and industry groups within sustainable workplace programs could assist in reducing chronic diseases, lowering sickness absence, and improving productivity.",
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Cardiovascular Disease and Type 2 Diabetes Risk Across Occupational Groups and Industry in a Statewide Study of an Australian Working Population. / Kelsall, Helen Louise; Fernando, Palamandadige Harsha Suranga; Gwini, Stella May; Sim, Malcolm Ross.

In: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Vol. 60, No. 3, 01.03.2018, p. 286-294.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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