Summary: Diabetic kidney disease commonly is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. There are traditional common risk factors for both conditions including hypertension and poor glycemic control. However, it is likely that there are other pathophysiological mechanisms that explain the clinical phenomenon of increased cardiovascular disease in diabetic patients with chronic kidney and vice versa. Current management of both conditions includes aggressive glucose and blood pressure control. The protective role of treating dyslipidemia has been shown for cardiovascular disease, but the results for renal disease are not as clear. The advent of new classes of glucose-lowering agents such as sodium glucose co-transporter2 inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide-1 agonists has resulted in impressive effects on both cardiovascular and renal disease in diabetes. However, how these drugs act independently of glucose lowering to confer both kidney and cardiovascular protection has not been fully elucidated. Nevertheless, these new treatments provide optimism for reducing both microvascular and macrovascular complications in diabetes, which represent the major causes of morbidity and premature mortality in this condition.
- Cardiovascular disease
- diabetic nephropathy